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来源:太奇考研网时间:2016-05-11 16:11作者:Robin点击:

  There is a new type of small advertisement becoming increasingly common in newspaper classified columns.It is sometimes placed among“situations vacant”,although it does not offer anyone a job,and sometimes it appears among“situation wanted”,although it is not placed by someone looking for a job either.What it does is to offer help in applying for a job.

  “Contact us before writing your application” or “Make use of our long experience in preparing your curriculum vitae or job history”is how it is usually expressed.The growth and apparent success of such a specialized service is,of course,a reflection on the current high levels of unemployment.It is also an indication of the growing importance of the curriculum vitae (or job history),with the suggestion that it may now qualify as an art form in its own right.

  There was a time when job seekers simply wrote letters of application.“Just put down your name,address,age and whether you have passed any exams” was about the average level of advice offered to young people applying for their first jobs when I left school.The letter was really just for openers,it was explained,everything else could and should be saved for the interview.And in those days of full employment the technique worked.The letter proved that you could write and were available for work.Your eager face and intelligent replies did the rest.

  Later,as you moved up the ladder,something slightly more sophisticated was called for.The advice then was to put something in the letter which would distinguish you from the rest.It might be the aggressive approach.“Your search is over.I am the person you are looking for”was a widely used trick that occasionally succeeded.Or it might be some special feature specially designed for the job in view.

  There is no doubt,however,that it is the increasing number of applicants with university education at all points in the process of engaging staff that has led to the greater importance of the curriculum vitae.

  1.The new type of advertisement which is appearing in newspaper columns____.

  [A] informs job hunters of the opportunities available

  [B] promises useful advice to those looking for employment

  [C] divides available jobs into various types

  [D] informs employers of people available for work

  2.Nowadays a demand for this specialised type of service has been created because____.

  [A] there is a lack of jobs available for university graduates

  [B] there are so many top-level jobs available

  [C] great importance is attached to written application

  [D] jobs are becoming so varied that one needs advice to choose the right one

  3.In the past it was expected that first-job hunters would____.

  [A] write an initial letter giving their life history

  [B] pass some exams before applying for a job

  [C] have no qualifications other than being able to read and write

  [D] keep any detailed information until they obtained an interview

  4.The job history has become such an important document because____.

  [A] there has been an increase in the number of jobs advertised

  [B] there has been an increase in the number of applicants with degrees

  [C] jobs are becoming much more complicated nowadays

  [D] other supporting experiences for jobs are no longer required

  5.What does the author think of the new advertisement?

  [A] Necessary. [B] Fashionable.

  [C] Superficial. [D] Aggressive.

  参考答案:

  1.[B] 文中所提到的新型广告不是招聘广告(it does not offer anyone a job),也不是求职广告(it is not placed by someone looking for a job either)。它旨在帮助申请工作的人写好履历(curriculum vitae),为获得工作做好充分准备。参阅第一段和第二段第二句。 .

  2.[C] 第二段第二、三句谈到了新型广告兴起的两个原因:1)它反映了目前的高失业率状况;2)它表明写好履历越来越重要。第三段第三、四句又指出,过去,申请信只不过是个开端,重要的是面试。在充分就业的那些日子,这种技巧是奏效的,这封信证明你有写作能力,且你已经为接受这份工作做好了准备,而你渴望的表情和机智的应答为你做了其余的事。

  3.[D] 参阅第2题题解,另请参阅第三段。

  4.[B] 文章最后一段指出,目前,工作申请者大都是受过各种各样的大学教育的人,显然,这解释了为什么写好履历尤其重要。由于多数人都受过大学教育,大家旗鼓相当,这时,写好履历,突出自己的独特之处,以达到鹤立鸡群之效果尤其重要。

  5.[A] 参阅其他题题解。重点参阅文章最后一段。


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